Dry Skin Medical Term: Symptoms, Causes, And Treatment

Dry Skin Medical Term Symptoms, Causes, And Treatment

Dry skin is a temporary condition that is usually not serious, it comes mostly during winter periods, hot showers, and the use of harsh ingredients.

Also, when the skin loses natural oils and sweat glands in the epidermis, it makes the skin lose water which may lead to dry skin.

When left untreated, it can leave your skin rough and cracked. It affects all ages but is most common with older people.

There are so many home remedies in place to improve your skin, even the use of moisturizers can be of great help.

Most importantly, the medical term for dry skin is xerosis.


Like we said earlier, the medical term for dry skin is xerosis, the name “Xero” is a Greek word that means dry.

This condition is characterized by excessively dry skin and is most common in adults, it is mostly found on their legs, arms, hands, and their scalp.

Most people suffer xerosis during winter when the cold air outside and the hot air inside creates a low relative humidity resulting in loss of moisture in the skin.

Xerosis is a little bit critical, its less severe form is called xeroderma. Most time they can cause some level of discomfort, itchiness, and inflammation.

Xerosis Major Causes

Xerosis or dry skin is caused by so many factors, most times the causes increase with age.

But the major cause of dry skin include

  • Low humidity
  • Frequently use of hot water
  • The use of harsh detergents
  • Exposure to the sun

Other dry skin causes include

  • Genetics
  • Fragrance
  • Diabetes
  • Lack of vitamin A and D
  • Zinc deficiency
  • Some acne medications
  • Genetics

What Are The Symptoms Of Xerosis

Dry skin is very easy to identify, some major dry skin symptoms and signs include

  • Scaling
  • Skin itching and cracking
  • Skin redness
  • Excessive dullness of the skin
  • Presences of pink patches in the skin

Most Common Xerosis Locations

Dry skin or xerosis is common in exposed areas, they are mostly located in

  • Back of hands
  • Arms
  • It is very common in front of lower legs

Xerosis (Dry Skin) Treatment

Most often this severe condition can be irritating and can damage the skin when left untreated.

Treating xerosis is one way to keep your skin healthy and also protect you from disease. This treatment is mostly the same as for dry skin.

In order to treat xerosis, you need cleansers and moisturizers with hydrating ingredients to lock in moisture. this will mainly help to relieve the problem.

Other than applying moisturizer and lotions, the following tips will also help in treating xerosis properly.

Skip Ingredients That will Dry Up Your Skin

Most moisturizers are made with drying ingredients, in order to combat xerosis, you need to avoid fragrance, sodium lauryl sulfate, triclosan, retinoid, and alpha-hydroxy acid.

Different studies have shown that these ingredients contribute massively to the drying up of your skin.

Use Homemade Remedies For Dry Skin

Some major home remedies like coconut oil, Sunflower seed oil, oatmeal are natural moisturizers used for treating dry skin.

Another most effective ingredient is honey, some dermatologists reveal that honey is one of the most effective natural moisturizers, so it is an excellent solution for dry, itchy skin.

Reduce The Intake Of Hot Water

If you’re suffering from skin conditions like xerosis, you need to reduce the intake of hot water.

Soaking your skin in hot water for long can strip your skin of its natural oils and moisture which can worsen the problem.

Shorter Showers Are Mostly Ideal

The more time you spend on showers the more oil is lost. shorter showers are advisable in order to balance the natural oil content of the skin.

  Use Humidifier Regularly

Add moisture to the air using a humidifier, Warm humidifiers increase the moisture content in the air and stop the moisture in your skin from evaporating.

Moisturize Regularly

Regular moisturization is key to healing severe cases of xerosis, this should be done after shower to help prevent water loss and keep your skin out of bacteria.

Option For oil-Based Moisturizer

Some dermatologists believe oil-based moisturizers are more effective at holding in moisture than water-based moisturizers.

Exfoliate with care

Regular use of a wet towel or exfoliating cleanser can help remove dry skin flakes and refresh your skin. But this can sometimes over strip and damage your skin, so be careful when using it.